Archive for the ‘OECD’ tag
The OECD published a new study based on the latest PISA test results from 2009, which concludes that on average, pupils from well-off socioeconomic backgrounds achieved 88 points better than their classmates who came from weaker socioeconomic backgrounds – a gap comparable to two years of study. Israel has the dubious honor of being one of the countries in which the gap is more than 100 points, alongside Argentina, the United States, Hungary and Dubai. (Haaretz)
(Hebrew – Haaretz)
According to a special report prepared by the OECD, the gap between rich and poor in Israel is among the highest in the organization.
A new comparative report by the OECD found that Israel has one of the lowest places among OECD members in physical resources, infrastructure and expenditure on public helath. in 2009 Israel had 2 hospital beds per 1,000 people (as opposed to the OECD average of 3.5 per 1,000); the occupancy rate in Israeli hospitals is very high (96.3 percent as opposed to the OECD average of 76 percent); there are less than 32 hospital beds per 1000 people aged 65 or more, compared to the OECD average of 50 hospital beds per 1000 people aged 65 or more.
The OECD has published an annual report on the health systems in the countries within the organization, which refers to 2009. According to the report, Israel’s health system infrastructures are the worst among the member states, with a very low number of hospital beds (2 beds per thousand persons compared to an average of 3.6 beds per thousand persons in other member States), and an extremely high hospitals occupancy rate – 96.3 percent.
A report by the OECD relates that the level of tolerance of Israelis towards ethnic minorities, immigrants and homosexuals is of the lowest among member states in the organisation.
John P. Martin, OECD Director for Employment, Labor and Social Affairs, criticized the Israeli government’s socio-economic policy, especially as it pertains to Israeli Arabs. According to Martin, although Israel is the developed country with the highest poverty rate, it invests only 15.3% in social budgeting — some 5 percent less than the rest of the OECD countries. Martin indicates that most of the poverty is concentrated in the Arab and ultra-Orthodox sectors.
Israel is ranked (Hebrew) in the 30th place in the OECD’s corrupt-countries report. The report ranks 178 countries, and Israel’s rank is up two places, towards the less-corrupt scale. However, Israel ranks as the 22nd most corrupt of the 33 OECD countries.
Only 46 full-time inspectors are employed in Israel to enforce labor laws which apply to 2.9 million workers. Each inspector oversees 62,000 workers. The Ministry of Finance refuses to authorize budget additions, despite the fact that Israel is ranked third from last in terms of labor law enforcement among OECD countries.